Guidelines regarding the writing of Review Article:

   1. Elements of the Review Article

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • All other contents and sections
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Author’s Biography

  2. Tips:

Here are few tips to guide your students (they vary from subject to subject)

  •  Start with a brief overview of the topic and give some context, explaining why a review of the topic is necessary.
  • Depending upon subject and title, make sure you present a critical discussion, not just a descriptive summary of the topic. If there is contradictory research in your area of focus, make sure to include an element of debate and present both sides of the argument.
  • Make suggestions for future research on the topic as part of your conclusion
  • Spend time creating a descriptive title, abstract and keywords. They should be clear, concise, accurate, and informative.
  • Conduct your own peer review: ask friends, teachers and colleagues to read your review and give you feedback before you submit.
  • One last check! Always perform a final spell and grammar check of your article before submission.

  3.  Main Parts of the Review Article are:

  • Section structure: A coherent structuring of the topic is necessary to develop the section structure. Subheadings reflect the organization of the topic and indicate the content of the various sections.
  • Paragraph structure: Cover one idea, aspect or topic per paragraph. Avoid referring to only one study per paragraph; consider several studies per paragraph instead.

  4. Links

  • Frequently link the discussed research findings to the research question stated in the introduction. These links create the thread of coherence in your review article. Link the studies to one another. Compare and discuss these relationships.

   5. Tense

In Review articles three tenses are frequently used:

  • Present:Reporting what another author thinks, believes, writes, reporting current knowledge or information of general validity, e.g. It is believed.
  • Simple past:Referring to what a specific researcher did or found, referring to a single study, e.g. They found…
  • Present perfect:Referring to an area of research with a number of independent researchers involved, e.g. They have found

Important Links